Fatih Mosque was built between 1463 and 1470 AD as part of Istanbul’s largest university, which included sixteen colleges, a nursing house, a guest house, and a library, all of which were housed inside what is now known as the Fatih neighbourhood. The Mosque is one of Istanbul’s most beautiful archaeological and religious sites, and its current form is not the one on which it was built, due to a massive earthquake that struck Istanbul in 1766 AD, destroying it.
It was rebuilt by architect Muhammad Tahir Agha on Sultan Mustafa III’s orders in 1767 CE. In addition to the mihrab, the only remaining part of the previous mosque was the inner courtyard, which was enclosed by a portico covered with twenty-two domes supported by eighteen columns.
Fatih Mosque Inisde
Fatih Mosque’s main dome is twenty-six metres in diameter and is supported by four massive pillars. The mihrab is identical to the original building’s mihrab as well as the minbar. Aside from that, the calligraphic ornaments that adorn the mosque are Baroque. The Sultan has his own part in the mosque, which was created in the eighteenth century and is dedicated to his worship. They set aside time for him to recall, read the Quran, and pray.
There are also sections for women and a room for the creation of natural ink, where the mosque was lit by gas oil before electricity and the smoke was expelled by ventilation sticks. To be removed by calligraphers and converted into ink, to write the Holy Quran in a dedicated room.
Fatih Mosque Location
Fatih Mosque is a great example of Turkish Islamic architecture in Istanbul, located on the European side of the city in the Fatih neighbourhood, which is also known as Fatih Istanbul. This mosque, however, was named after Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, who captured Constantinople in 1453, and it is located in the Fatih tomb’s annex part, may Allah be pleased with him.